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Puppy Nail Care Tips

Jun 15

Nail grooming is another grooming task that is sometimes over looked.  There are cases where little to no nail care is needed.  If a dog is very active outside and takes frequent walks, especially along concrete sidewalks, their nails may maintain a healthy length by being naturally worn down.  On the other hand if your puppy is the indoor only, leisure type pet, such as a Morkie puppy for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania, they will likely need regular nail care and clipping.

Nail clipping is an important part of grooming your puppy for a number of reasons.  For starters, long nails can break off in an unnatural manner and cause damage or pain and bleeding.  Also, a jagged break can snag on carpets.  Long nails can also get caught in long hair resulting in pulled out hair with long haired breeds such as Maltese puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio.

As with other grooming or training, it’s best start out early, so that they get used to what you are doing to them.  Start out by getting your new puppy used to having his paws handled.  Hold the paws and gently massage them.  Offering treats after paw massage sessions will help him or her look forward to the activity.  Once you move on to actually clipping the nails, you may have to start out by only cutting one nail or two at a time, until your puppy gets used to the process.

There are several options for trimming puppy nails.  One is to use a scissor type dog nail clipper.  Another is a guillotine type.  If your dog doesn’t do well with these, you could try using a nail grinder or dremel type tool to sand down the nails, however, this is generally an option best used for larger, calmer dogs because of the vibration and noise.  A fourth option that can be used for small and toy breed dogs, like a Yorkshire Terrier puppy for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania, is to use a set of human nail clippers.  And, of course, there are professional groomers who can take care of this for you.

Another item you may want to have on hand is some styptic powder or a styptic pencil to help stop bleeding if you accidentally clip the quick.  While clipping the quick is unpleasant and can cause some bleeding, it is not life-threatening for a puppy such as a French Bulldog for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania.  The quick is a pink line usually found just below the curve of the dog’s nail.  In light colored nails, it is usually easy to see.  However in darker or black nails, it may not be visible at all.  Stay right at the curve or just above the curve of the nail, and you should be able to avoid clipping the quick.

Nail trimming is also a good time to examine your puppy’s feet and make sure there aren’t any other issues going on with their paws such as cracked pads, stuck burrs or thorns, tangles in the hair between the pads, and any sores or infections that may need veterinary assistance.

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Dental Care: An Overlooked Part of Grooming

Jun 11

While most people think to bathe and brush their puppies and dogs, many dog owners don’t consider taking detailed care of their puppy’s teeth and gums.  Often people just assume that “doggy breath” is not only unavoidable, but is a natural occurrence in dogs and puppies, such as Yorkies for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania.  Their food doesn’t smell great, so their mouths probably won’t either.   However, this doesn’t have to be the case.  There are lots of things that you can do to keep your dog’s mouth healthy.

First off, start young.  Most puppies around 4 weeks of age start growing 28 temporary teeth, which are sometimes called “puppy teeth” or “milk teeth.”  While most puppies only keep these teeth until they are between 14-30 weeks of age, it’s best to start dental care during this stage, so that they can get used to having their mouths handled.  Adult dogs have 42 teeth that need care.  All this growing of puppy teeth and shortly after adult teeth, is not comfortable, which is why puppies like Maltese puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio teethe and chew so much.

An easy way to start your puppy out is to carefully raise the lip and rub the gums and teeth with your finger.  Eventually you’ll want to use a more appropriate cleaning tool, such as a finger brush or special dog tooth brush.  When introducing the new tool, try applying some flavoring to it such as peanut butter, cheese, bullion, or garlic salt.

For actually cleaning your puppy’s teeth and gums, you’ll need a special toothpaste designed for dogs, which often contain meat-flavorings and special enzymes.  Never ever use tooth paste intended for humans as these contain ingredients that aren’t meant to be ingested by humans let alone dogs, who won’t be rinsing and spiting.  Ideally, one should brush a dog’s teeth after ever meal, just like for humans.  However, you can safely get away with only brushing a few times a week if you make sure they are regularly eating a hard, dry kibble, which scrapes their teeth, as well as providing lots of chew toys.  There are several kinds of chew toys that are especially for dental care.  Beware of using any chew toys or objects, such as bones and hooves, which may be too hard for your dog to chew.  This is of special concern with small, toy breeds, such as Yorkie Poo puppies for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania.  Instead of being helpful, these objects could break or chip a tooth.

If you are regularly taking your dog to the veterinarian, he or she will also be monitoring your puppy’s dental health.  In rare cases, your dog may need a professional cleaning, which involves anesthesia.

Whether you regularly brush your puppy’s teeth or not, regularly check for dental problems.  Some signs of dental problems include:  decreased appetite or food intake, red, swollen, or bleeding gums, unusual drooling with or without blood, a yellowish-brownish build up along the gum line, “doggy breath,” and broken or damaged teeth.

 

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The French Bulldog: AKA Bouledogue Francais and Frenchie

Jun 07

French Bulldogs originated from the English Bulldog.  Lace makers in Nottingham, England bred for small sized English Bulldogs.  Eventually, during the Industrial Revolution, some of these lace makers were displaced to France, where they brought their “toy-sized” or “miniature” Bulldogs.  Further breeding and crosses with terriers and Pugs have resulted in today’s French Bulldog:  a smaller, more active version of the English Bulldog.

French Bulldogs look very similar to English Bulldogs, with short, stocky, muscular bodies, and a short, wrinkled face.  However, there are a few distinct differences.  Most notably, they are considerably smaller in weight.  An adult French Bulldog stands at about 12 inches, but weighs between 19-28 pounds.  Of note, a French Bulldog over 28 pounds is a disqualification in the show ring.  Aside from their smaller size, French Bulldog’s have upright, bat-like, ears instead of the folded down ears of both English Bulldogs and Pugs.  French Bulldog puppies for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania come in brindle, fawn, white, and brindle and white.  French Bulldogs are also more active than their distant cousins.  According the AKC, French Bulldogs are described as being, “a clown in the cloak of a philosopher.”

Despite their higher activity levels, French Bulldog puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, do not require a heavy exercise schedule.  A daily walk will suffice.  As such they make great pets for smaller houses and apartments.  As companion animals they are very affectionate with their owners and make a great family pet, as they do very well with children.  They get along with other animals quite well if the proper procedures are followed for getting the animals acquainted.

Just like Pugs and English Bulldogs, with their scrunched faces and shorter airway passages, French Bulldogs do not do well in high heat or extreme cold due to their short, thin coats.  They are very much indoor only dogs.  This is usually fine with them as they much prefer being a lap dog to being a more active, sporting dog.  However, they can be prone to weight problems if allowed to over eat without sufficient extra exercise to burn off the excess calories.

French Bulldog puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio are affectionate and lively with comical personalities.  Frenchies tend to be quiet dogs who are not prone to yapping or excessive barking.  They tend to be easy to take care of with their low exercise requirements and short, thin easy to groom coats. Click here to see more pictures with French Bulldog.

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The English Bulldog: Fighting Dog to Companion Dog

Jun 04

The English Bulldog has a long history with humans.  The first known references are from 1500 A.D. with an original spelling of “Bondogge” or “Bolddogge.”  The modern name of “bulldog” was applied after it became popular to use these dogs for bull baiting.  After the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1835 ended bull baiting in England, the English Bulldog was cross bred with Pugs, which led to the shorter, wider appearance that we see today.  Selective breeding has also reduced the ferocity of the breed that had been necessary as a fighting animal.

Today, English Bulldogs are considered excellent family pets as they are gentle and loving with children and adoring of people, in general.  English Bulldogs are in the Mastiff family. English Bulldog puppies for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania can be brindle, white, red, fawn, fallow, or piebald.  Most are white and another color, you can discover more here.  English Bulldogs have distinctive short, stocky (actually quite broad) shoulders, and large heads with wrinkled faces.  They commonly have an under bite, as well.  Another distinctive feature is that there is a particular wrinkle that crosses over the top of the nose, often referred to as a “rope.”  These folds of skin are often quite pronounced and require regular cleaning to avoid infections.   English Bulldogs stand between 12-16 inches and have an adult weight of 45 to 55 pounds, with those bred in the United States tending towards the lower weight scale.

Despite their strong, muscular build and fierce faces, English Bulldog puppies for sale in Ohio and Pennsylvania will grow up to be gentle, loving, and affectionate.   While they are not prone to excessive barking, they will bark when they feel it is necessary and make good watchdogs.  Due to their appearance and reputation for being stubborn or “bull-headed” they are great for scaring off intruders.

English Bulldog puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio make great pets for small houses and apartments, as they need very little exercise.  Even when they have access to a large yard, they are often just as happy lying next to their owner or in a lap instead of chasing a ball.  This low energy does mean that an owner needs to take care that the puppy doesn’t over eat, as their low exercise will not burn off the calories, making them prone to being overweight.  They also do better indoors as they do not tolerate heat well because of their short faces (causing less effective panting) and do not tolerate the cold well either because of their thin, short coats of hair.  However, their lack of long, thick hair also means that they require less frequent grooming.

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Puppy Vaccines

May 31

Just like human babies and children, puppies need to be vaccinated against a few particularly dangerous diseases.  Our puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio will come with shot records, so that you know which ones they’ve already had and which ones they will still need to get. You can read more about this subject  here .

Vaccines help your puppy develop protective antibodies for fighting certain diseases.  Antibodies are produced by something called “B cells” and are disease-fighting proteins.  Antibodies are made when the body detects a “foreign” substance in the body like bacteria and viruses.  The antibodies then combine with other proteins called antigens to attack the foreign particles.

All puppies initially get protective antibodies before birth from their mother through the placenta.  After birth, puppies continue to get some antibodies from their mother’s colostrum or first milk.  This is pretty much the same as how it works for human babies.  If a puppy has a lot of maternal antibodies in their bodies, it can block the effectiveness of the vaccine.  This is one reason why there are so many booster vaccines given to puppies; it is to ensure that the vaccines actually work.  All our puppies, such as Yorkie puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, are current on the appropriate vaccines for their age.

When talking to your veterinarian about vaccines, you may hear core versus non-core vaccines.  This means that there are some vaccines that all puppies get and some that are only needed in certain areas or circumstances.  Core vaccines are usually:  Distemper, Parvovirus, Hepatitis, and Rabies.  Some non-core vaccines are:  Adenovirus, Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza, Bordatella (Kennel Cough), and Lyme.  Your veterinarian will know if you are in an area where there is a higher risk of one of these diseases.  You may want some of these non-core vaccines if you’ll be traveling a lot or know you’ll be visiting an area with a higher risk of any of these diseases.  You may also want to include Bordatella if you know your puppy or dog will spend any time in a boarding or kennel facility.  All of our puppies, such as Morkie puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, include a list of the shots that they have already received to avoid restarting or over vaccinating your new puppy.

Like all medications and treatments for humans and animals, there can be some risks and side effects with vaccines.  Most side effects are of short duration and include pain and/or swelling around the injection site, low activity levels, or a mild fever.  A severe allergic reaction is possible but much less common, however, you should be aware of the signs as it can be fetal if not treated immediately.  Some dangerous allergy symptoms could be hives, facial swelling, and breathing problems.  If your puppy has any of these symptoms or any others that you are concerned about, call your vet right away.  These cases should be very rare as our puppies, such as Pug puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, have already had the first rounds of vaccines without problems.

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Puppy Potty Training Tips

May 29

Potty training your new puppy, perhaps one of our Yorkie Poo puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, can be a long and frustrating experience for new and old dog owners alike.  Some initial thoughts to keep in mind when starting house training:  it will take time and there will be accidents.  You’ll want to plan on having supplies on hand to clean up after accidents.  You’ll need to have some kind of enzyme cleaner to break down the bacteria in their urine and feces so that there isn’t a lingering scent that might encourage your puppy to return to the same spot.  Some useful non-chemical options are a mixture of vinegar and peroxide.

First let’s talk about some common mistakes that people make with new puppies such as our Havanese puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio.  Do not scold or punish your puppy for going inside the house.  They just don’t know any better, yet, and they have to go somewhere.  Another reason not to punish is that they may not understand why they are being punished.  This is particularly true if you haven’t caught them during the elimination.  Returning a puppy to the site of an accident and “rubbing their nose in it” will not encourage them not to eliminate there and will only confuse them.  A puppy will not associate a punishment with something they have already done; instead, they will associate it with whatever they were or are doing at the exact moment of the punishment.

However, there are things that you can do to encourage your puppy, such as a Malti Poo puppy for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio to eliminate in the areas that you wish him use.  A dog will not generally choose to eliminate in their “den,” however, it takes a while for them to understand that the entire home is the den.  You will need to watch your puppy almost constantly to learn signs that he needs to eliminate.  Generally, puppies need to go shortly after eating, playing, and after a nap.  Having a set schedule for feeding will encourage your puppy’s body to have set times for eliminating.  Only feed at these times instead of leaving a bowl of food out all the time.  Also, limit water consumption close to your bed time to lessen the possibility that he or she will need to go in the middle of the night.

Always take your puppy out through the same door and to the same spot.  Do not play with your puppy before they go potty.  You want them to be focused on going potty.  Also, use the same words, such as, “puppy go potty,” “go potty,” etc., so that they make the appropriate associations.  It may also help to have a special treat that they only get when they go potty outside in the correct place.  Just remember to give the treat right away.  Don’t wait until you go back inside, or they will associate the treat with going inside.  Also, wait until they have finished eliminating to offer praise.  Puppies are easily excited and distracted, especially small puppies such as Shih Tzu puppies for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio.  Offering praise before they are done may cause them to quit early and then finish later, somewhere inappropriate.

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Passive Potty Training: When You Can’t Be There All The Time

May 24

Many people will advise you to get an older, already housebroken dog, if  you can’t be on hand with a puppy, such as a Parti Morkie puppy for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, at all times for at least 2 weeks.  If you can’t do this, there are other training methods that can be used so that you can still have a puppy, but they do tend to take longer.

Most importantly, do not allow your new puppy, such as a Cavalier Spaniel puppy for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, full run of your home when no one is home to monitor them.  Not only will this make potty training more difficult, it can be very dangerous for your puppy and your stuff, as puppies will play with and chew on anything and everything that takes their fancy.  A small puppy could also get trapped somewhere.  And they will go potty wherever it is convenient at that time, which initially may be several places in the home.

One of the best ways to do this is to confine the puppy to a small area, such as a bathroom, kitchen, or exercise pen.  Not simply a crate as this is too small to allow for adequate exercise for extended periods of time.  You’ll want to use newspaper or puppy pads to cover the entire floor because at first, your puppy won’t have a preference for where he does his eliminating.  It may also be a bit messy at first as the puppy might play with the papers.

When confined to an area covered with the puppy papers, your puppy will start to develop a habit of going on the paper because that’s all there is to go on.  Eventually, your puppy will have a preference for a particular area to do his eliminating.  When you start to notice that he or she is only going in a certain area, and that the rest of the paper is staying clean, you can begin to reduce the amount of floor space that is being covered by papers.  Begin by removing the papers farthest from where the puppy is consistently eliminating.  Eventually, you’ll be able to only paper the area where he or she has been peeing.  After a while, start moving the papers to a spot of your choice, but only move the papers a little bit farther away each day.  If the puppy, like an English Bulldog puppy for sale in Pennsylvania and Ohio, doesn’t go on the paper after you’ve moved it, you might be moving too fast.  In addition, it is not uncommon for there to be random setbacks, in which you have to return to papering large parts of the floor or even the whole floor again.  Be encouraged that your puppy has been making progress, and that he or she will continue to make progress.

As your puppy gets older and can hold it for longer periods of time, you can move them into a bigger room or even full access to the home, if you keep doors closed to areas that you know you don’t want them to be or that could be dangerous.  Keep the papers by the door that you use to take them outside when you are home.  Eventually, you’ll be able to safely remove the papers altogether.

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